Musée d’Orsay – L’art nouveau

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Orsay en mouvements, une série de très courts métrages tournés aux musées d’Orsay et de l’Orangerie pour tout savoir sur les mouvements artistiques de la période 1848-1914.

Art Nouveau is an international style of art, architecture, and applied art, especially the decorative arts, known in different languages by different names: Jugendstil in German, Stile Liberty in Italian, Modernisme català in Catalan, etc. In English it is also known as the Modern Style. 

Gustav Klimt

Perhaps one of the first artists everyone thinks of when Art Nouveau is mentioned is the Austrian artist Gustav Klimt. As the first president of the Austrian Secession group, the Vienna-based Art Nouveau group that brought together artists, designers and architects, Klimt worked towards the principle of the Gesamtkunstwerk, combining beauty and utility. Eroticism and sexuality were important elements in Klimt’s work, elements that pervaded Vienna in philosophy, psychology and the arts around 1900. This eroticism shines through clearly in Klimt’s most iconic work, The Kiss (1907), which shows two lovers in a passionate embrace. The rich golden design, flattened form and sensual curves are exemplary for the Art Nouveau style of the time. 

Aubrey Beardsley

Due to his bold depiction of provocative erotic topics, he became one of the most controversial figures of the Art Nouveau movement. Despite his untimely death at the age of 25, he produced a great number of important artworks, including India ink illustrations for Oscar Wilde’s Salomé. The Climax (1893) depicts Salomé kissing the severed head of John the Baptist, and is filled with erotic symbolism. In France, the chief Art Nouveau designers included Louis Majorelle, Emile Gallé, and Eugène Vallin, all based in Nancy; and, Tony Selmersheim, Édouard Colonna and Eugène Gaillard, who worked in Paris – the latter two specifically for Siegfried Bing’s shop named L’Art Nouveau

Alphonse Mucha

The Czech artist Alphonse Mucha was primarily known for his commercial posters and advertisements. He was interested in depicting “the new woman,” celebrating femininity, sexuality and empowered women of the modern age. His poster Gismonda (1894), made for Victorien Sardou’s play of the same name, became an emblem of the Art Nouveau style and inspired many artists after him. He is also famous for his depictions of the different seasons in the shape of women.

The Musée d’Orsay is a museum in Paris, France, on the Left Bank of the Seine. It is housed in the former Gare d’Orsay, a Beaux-Arts railway station built between 1898 and 1900. The museum holds mainly French art dating from 1848 to 1914, including paintings, sculptures, furniture, and photography. 

How long do you need at Musee d Orsay? 4 to 6 hours. You should allow yourself at a minimum 4 to 6 hours to enjoy the museum. The brochure for the museum is very easy to follow. A friend and I spent 5 hours there chatting, admiring the building itself along with the art. (EZM)

Interesting Musée d’Orsay facts

  • Musée dOrsay was once a train station. …
  • Gare dOrsay was built by three architects. …
  • Even Usain Bolt will take 14 seconds to run across Musée dOrsay. …
  • Musée dOrsay has more metal than the Eiffel Tower. …
  • The building boasts of 35,000 square meters of glass. …
  • Gare dOrsay station also had a hotel.

WE&P by:EZorrilla

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