Under threat: Venice’s need to rescue its future | DW Documentary

Built on small islands and mud banks, Venice is slowly sinking. More than ever before, the pearl of the Adriatic is under threat. Having recently been hit by its most severe floods and with a state of emergency declared, what is being done to combat this?

Well over a thousand years ago the first wooden huts were built out on the middle of a lagoon off the coast of northern Italy. The archives tell us these were the homes of people fleeing barbarian invasions in the aftermath of the collapse of the Roman Empire. Later, with land in short supply, man-made areas were developed. But construction was far from easy; the bed of the lagoon consisted of sediment and mud, forming a foundation that was constantly moving. Yet Venetian architects managed to build the city’s palaces, towers, and cathedrals. Venice stands on a forest of wooden piles which anchor the buildings to the lagoon’s muddy bed. The buildings themselves are constructed in such a way that they can compensate for movement, even earth tremors, without suffering noticeable damage.
But the water the Venetians built their city on is becoming more and more of a threat. Industrialization has played its part in disturbing the natural balance of the lagoon: The sea bed has subsided and the effect of the tides has changed, resulting in a water level in the city’s canals that is 24 centimeters higher than when they were first built.
Added to that is the controversial presence in the lagoon of giant cruise ships: A source of income for the city, but also one that contributes to atmospheric pollution, as well as causing wake damage.

Different Ray — Colorful Night (Original Mix)

Adistant cousin of the shark, Stingrays and other rays like skates, electric rays, guitarfishes and sawfishes are classified as Batoidea, a type of cartilaginous fish and have around 500 described species in thirteen families. They are pretty widespread and can be found in seas on the floor, across the world in both temperate and cold-water. The manta is an exception living in open waters and a few fresh water species living in brackish bays and estuaries.

Types of Rays

Types of RaysMost species of rays have flat bodies that facilitate them to effectively conceal themselves in their environment which is the sea bed. Their disc like shape (in most ray species) have five ventral slot-like body openings called gill slits that lead from the gills and their mouths on the undersides.Because their eyes are on top of their bodies they cannot see their prey and use smell and electro-receptors similar to those of sharks.

Types of Rays- Spotted eagle rays

These docile creatures are often misunderstood and categorized as dangerous which is not really the case. While they do posses stings they generally do not attack aggressively and if threatened, their primary reaction is to swim away. However, a defensive reaction causes it to whip up their stinger which is often the case when attacked by predators or stepped on. Even then, if stung by a stingray it is rarely fatal and if stung in the lower limb region will most likely just be a cut causing pain, swelling and muscle cramps from the venom, or even an infection unless it hits the upper body, a major artery or causes a very deep puncture.

Manta Rays
The largest of all ray species, the manta is part of the eagle ray family. Found throughout tropical waters of the world, typically around coral reefs, the manta ray can grow to a width of 7.6 meters (25 ft) across and weight about 2,300 kilograms (5,100 lb)!

Types of Rays- Manta Ray

Their huge size however, doesn’t in anyway affect their mobility and these giant creatures are gracefully agile underwater. Mantas are filter feeders living off plankton, fish larvae and the like frequent cleaning stations where small fish such as wrasse, remora and angelfish swim in the manta’s gills and over its skin it of parasites and dead tissue. As a diver to spot one of these magnificent creatures is often described as an experience of a lifetime and The Manta Ray Night Dive in Kailua Kona, Hawaii rated among the Top 10 Dive Sites of the World is the ultimate Manta Ray experience.

* Photo Credits: photos by jeffk42JOE M500Saspotatojadamrichard lingnhurtoKawa0310 on flickrTags:blue spotted rayeagle raysmanta rayrayssouthern stingrayspotted eagle raystingraystypes of raystypes of stingrays

Article first appeared in: https://www.leisurepro.com/blog/explore-the-blue/meet-the-rays-types-of-stingrays-eagle-rays-and-manta-rays/

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Edited by Eugenio Zorrilla.

My friend gave me a wonderful present. The gift of imagery,

Gifts come in many different forms. Some gifts one asks for, and though technically a present in sentiment, it’s not a surprise.  I was reading some days ago on a blog, and I remember how some gifts can be binding and uncomfortable.

My mother took her life. It’s been difficult to come up with a different picture than her on a gurney. Now, in reconnecting with a friend from high school, who became a doctor now living in a tropical paradise, I’ve come to have a brighter image of my mother. A better ending to her story. Had she had a chance she would have gone to be a doctor in a small village by the sea. I now can see her doing what she loved.

My friend gave me a wonderful present. The gift of imagery, to complete the truncated story of my mother’s life. Cheers.

Author: Eugenio Zorrilla.

Avocado Acres House BY: Surfside Projects PHOTOGRAPHER: Darren Bradley

PHOTOGRAPHER: Darren Bradley

A sloping curved shed roof dramatically unifies, like a structural backbone, the three pavilions that define the plan view of the home and its courtyard space. Throughout the interior a constant engagement to the outdoors gives the home a grandeur that belies the home’s small footprint. Non standard shapes, direct connections to the exterior and functional spaces for the inhabitants is the soul of our design strategy.

PHOTOGRAPHER: Darren Bradley

Straight lines with an angular street front geometry sits in stark contrast to the unique curvilinear roof profile. A simple color palette of the open interior space complements the muscular concrete walls and extensive use of natural wood tones on the vaulted ceiling, flooring and cabinetry. Floor plan consists of three defined areas joined in a U shape where each volume programs directly to the outdoor courtyard. 9′ tall sliding glass walls vanish into wall pockets and clerestory glazing that entirely wraps above the main living space provides plenty of natural light.

Photo  of Avocado Acres House modern home
PHOTOGRAPHER: Darren Bradley

The Bold roof profile of Avocado Acres (Aa) House exemplifies our focused design collaboration with Architect, Lloyd Russel to inject a dose of creativity + Mod Green Architecture into a coastal infill project. Aesthetic cues originated from LA’s Case Study Houses and Eichler’s MCM gems. However, this new residence is all about addressing the conditions of the now for the future – sustainable materials, energy efficiencies and environmental sensibilities.


The North Face Presents: Lhotse

It’s not always what we achieve that defines us, rather it is why we achieve such things that creates clarity in our existence.

In 2018, Hilaree Nelson and Jim Morrison completed the first ski descent of the 27,940-foot Lhotse, the fourth-highest mountain in the world. This is their story.